EXAM’S TERMINOLOGIES/GLOSSARIES


             Briefly outline       briefly means – shortly, in a few sentences

outline means – a description of the main features without going                                                       into details.

  • Compare            Examine qualities, or characteristics, to discover                                                                       resemblances. “Compare” is usually stated as “compare with”: you                                       are to emphasize similarities, although differences may be                                                     mentioned.
  • Contrast             Stress dissimilarities, differences, or unlikeness of things,                                                       qualities, events, or problems.
  • Criticize              Express your judgment or correctness or merit. Discuss                                                         the limitations and good points or contributions of the plan or work                                   in question.
  • Compare            identify the similarities and differences and                                                                                     comment on them.
  • Contrast           compares certain things by discussion of their main  differences.
  • Critically examine              critically means – to weigh up, look for faults.
  • Define                Definitions call for concise, clear, authoritative meanings. Details                                       are not required but limitations of the definition should be briefly                                       cited. You must keep in mind the class to which a thing belongs and                                   whatever differentiates the particular object from all others in the                                     class
  • Describe           In a descriptive answer you should recount, characterize, sketch or                                   relate in narrative form.
  • Diagram           For a question which specifies a diagram you should present a                                              drawing, chart, plan, or graphic representation in your answer.                                            Generally you are expected to label the diagram and in some cases                                    add a brief explanation or description.
  • Discuss            The term discuss, which appears often in essay questions, directs you                                to examine, analyze carefully, and present considerations pro and                                      con regarding the problems or items involved. This type of question                                  calls for a complete and entailed answer.
  • Distinguish   To make a distinction by separating
  • Enumerate    The word enumerate specifies a list or outline form of reply. In such                                  questions you should recount, one by one, in concise form, the                                            points required.
  • Evaluate          In an evaluation question you are expected to present a careful                                           appraisal of the problem stressing both advantages and limitations.                                 Evaluation implies authoritative and, to a lesser degree, personal                                       appraisal of both contributions and limitations.
  • Explain          In explanatory answers it is imperative that you clarify and interpret                                the material you present. In such an answer it is best to state the “how                              or why,” reconcile any differences in opinion or experimental results,                              and, where possible, state causes. The aim is to make plain the                                              conditions which give rise to whatever you are examining.
  • Illustrate     A question which asks you to illustrate usually requires                                                           you to explain or clarify your answer to the problem by presenting a                                 figure, picture, diagram, or concrete example.
  • Interpret     An interpretation question is similar to one requiring explanation.                                    You are expected to translate, exemplify, solve, or comment upon the                             subject and usually to give your judgment or reaction to the problem.
  • Justify           When you are instructed to justify your answer you must prove or                                     show grounds for decisions. In such an answer, evidence should be                                   presented in convincing form.
  • List                  Listing is similar to enumeration. You are expected in such questions                              to present an itemized series or tabulation. Such answers should                                          always be given in concise form.
  • Outline        An outline answer is organized description. You should give main                                      points and essential supplementary materials, omitting minor details,                              and present the information in a systematic arrangement or                                                  classification.
  • Prove            A question which requires proof is one which demands confirmation or                           verification. In such discussions you should establish something with                               certainty by evaluating and citing experimental evidence or by logical                             reasoning.
  • Relate           In a question which asks you to show the relationship or to relate, your                           answer should emphasize connections and associations in descriptive                             form.
  • Review        A review specifies a critical examination. You should analyze and                                       comment briefly in organized sequence upon the major points of the                                 problem.
  • State            In questions which direct you to specify, give, state, or present, you are                         called upon to express the high points in brief, clear narrative form.                                 Details, and usually illustrations or examples, may be omitted.
  • Summarize        When you are asked to summaries or present a summarization,                                             you should give in condensed form the main points or facts. All                                           details, illustrations and elaboration are to be omitted.

             Trace                      When a question asks you to trace a course of events, you are to                                                        give a description of progress, historical sequence, or                                                                            development from the point of origin. Such narratives may call for                                                  probing or for deduction

 

 

About FahmieSabri

Lecturer at Politeknik Merlimau Melaka, Tourism & Hospitality Department

Posted on July 14, 2011, in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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